The influence of land management and date of planting on physical properties of Safid e Pai-saye onion (Allium cepa L.)

Main Article Content

Hamid Salari
B.S. Hansra
Yashpal Singh Saharawat

Abstract

Onion botanically named Allium cepa L. is a major crop of Alliaceae family. It is one of the largest commercially grown vegetables in the world including Afghanistan. This crop originated from Afghanistan and large number of its wild varieties are observed in the country. Local variety named Safid e Paisaye was selected for this investigation due to its capacity of longer storage and higher demand in the market. Very less research efforts are made to improve its bulb quality and share in the market. This investigation is carried out at Kabul university agriculture research farm in coordination with Amity University Uttar Pradesh, to study the effect of land management and planting date on bulb physical properties of onion. The parameters studied in this investigation include bulb width (cm), length (cm), thickness (cm), geometric mean diameter, arithmetic mean diameter, shape index, sphericity, roundness, ellipsoid ratio, frontal surface, cross sectional area, total area, number of scales, equatorial firmness (Kg/cm2) and polar firmness (Kg/cm2). The data is collected using required tools and was analyzed using R statistical analysis software. The results showed significant effect of planting date on physical properties of onion bulb. The first planting date (10th May) recorded the largest bulb width (6.95 cm), length (4.42 cm), thickness (6.75 cm), geometric mean diameter (5.91 cm), arithmetic mean diameter (6.04 cm), frontal surface (24.26 cm2), cross sectional area (28.84 cm2) and total area (110.63 cm2). The same planting date recorded the lowest values for bulb shape index (0.64) and sphericity (0.85). Land management practices did not have significant effect on physical properties of onion bulb. None of the studied factors had significant effect on bulb roundness, ellipsoid ratio, number of scales, equatorial firmness and polar firmness. Conclusions: early planting of Safid e Paisaye onion seedlings can increase bulb size and improve bulb physical characteristics. This also helps to maintain the flat and round shape of onion bulb. Land preparation method and plough depth do not have significant influence on physical properties of onion bulb.

Article Details

How to Cite
Salari, H. ., Hansra, B. . and Saharawat, Y. S. . (2021) “The influence of land management and date of planting on physical properties of Safid e Pai-saye onion (Allium cepa L.)”, Journal of Ecoscience and Plant Revolution. Okinawa, Japan, 2(1), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.37357/1068/jepr.2.1.01.
Section
Plant Stadies

References

FAOSTAT (http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country) Accessed: 10 March 2021

Onion export from Afghanistan, Tridge (https://www.tridge.com/intelligences/onion/AF/export) Accessed: 17 February 2021

Mehta I (2017) “Origin and History of Onions” IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 7–10)

Salari H, Hansra BS, Saharwat YS (2020) “Effect of cultural practices on quality and yield of onion (Allium cepa L. Var. Safid e Paisaye)” Journal of Ecoscience and Plant Revolution (vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9–14) https://doi.org/10.37357/1068.jepr.1.1.02

Upadhyay DRK (2016) “Nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and therapeutic uses of Allium cepa: A review” International Journal of Green Pharmacy (IJGP) (vol. 10, no. 1, ) https://doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v10i1.612 (https://www.greenpharmacy.info/index.php/ijgp/article/view/612) Accessed: 22 April 2020

Lanzotti V (2006) “The analysis of onion and garlic” Journal of Chromatography A (vol. 1112, no. 1, pp. 3–22) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.016

Kumar KPS, Bhowmik D, Tiwari P (2010) “Allium cepa: A traditional medicinal herb and its health benefits” J Chem Pharm Res (vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 283–291)

Bharti N, Ram BR (2014) “Estimating variation in the production, quality and economics of onion in response to transplanting dates and sulphur fertilization” European Academic Research (vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 4831–4843)

Misra AD, Kumar A, Meitei I (2014) “Effect of spacing and planting time on growth and yield of onion var. N-53 under Manipur Himalayas” Indian Journal of Horticulture (vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 207–210)

Ali M, Rab A, Ali J, Ahmad H, Hayat S, et al. (2016) “Influence of transplanting dates and population densities on the growth and yield of onion” Pure and Applied Biology (vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 345–354) https://doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2016.50045

Caruso G, Conti S, Villari G, Borrelli C, Melchionna G, et al. (2014) “Effects of transplanting time and plant density on yield, quality and antioxidant content of onion (Allium cepa L.) in southern Italy” Scientia Horticulturae (vol. 166, pp. 111–120) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.12.019

Khokhar KM (2017) “Environmental and genotypic effects on bulb development in onion – a review” The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology (vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 448–454) https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2017.1314199

Aboukhadrah S, Alsayed A, Sobhy L, Abdelmasieh W (2017) “Response of Onion Yield and Quality To Different Planting Date, Methods and Density” Egyptian Journal of Agronomy (vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 203–219) https://doi.org/10.21608/agro.2017.1203.1065

Ali J, Abdurrab, Muhammad H, Ali M, Rashid A, et al. (2016) “Effect of sowing dates and phosphorus levels on growth and bulb production of onion” Pure and Applied Biology (vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 406–417) https://doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2016.50053

Prasad B, Maji S, Meena KR (2017) “Effect of date of transplanting and mulching on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Nasik Red” JANS (vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 94–101) https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1156

Gronle A, Lux G, Böhm H, Schmidtke K, Wild M, et al. (2015) “Effect of ploughing depth and mechanical soil loading on soil physical properties, weed infestation, yield performance and grain quality in sole and intercrops of pea and oat in organic farming” Soil and Tillage Research (vol. 148, pp. 59–73) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2014.12.004

Peter Y, Miglena D (2020) “Effect of different types of soil tillage for sunflower on some soil physical characteristics. Part II: bulk density and soil temperature” Helia (vol. 43, no. 73, pp. 133–149) https://doi.org/10.1515/helia-2020-0013

Jabro JD, Stevens WB, Iversen WM, Evans RG (2010) “Tillage Depth Effects on Soil Physical Properties, Sugarbeet Yield, and Sugarbeet Quality” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis (vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 908–916) https://doi.org/10.1080/00103621003594677

Ewis M, Abd K, Marey R, Abdellatif K (2017) “IMPROVING YIELD, STORABILITY AND WATER PRODUCTIVITY FOR SOME ONION CULTIVARS BY DIFFERENT PLANTING METHODS” Fayoum J Agric Res & Dev, (vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 31–49)

Ahmed K, Nawaz MQ, Hussain SS, Rizwan M, Sarfraz M, et al. (2017) “Response of onion to different nitrogen levels and method of transplanting in moderately salt affected soil” Acta agriculturae Slovenica (vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 303–313) https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.2.13

Kabul Monthly Climate Averages, WorldWeatherOnline.com (https://www.worldweatheronline.com/kabul-weather/kabol/af.aspx) Accessed: 10 March 2021

Priya EPB, Sharon MEM, Sinja VR (2015) “ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF CURED SMALL AND BELLARY ONIONS” International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR) (vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 323–332)

Keshavarzpour F, Achakzai AKK (2013) “Fruit Shape Classification in Cantaloupe Using the Analysis of Geometrical Attributes” World Engineering & Applied Sciences Journal (vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–5) https://doi.org/DOI: 10.5829/idosi.weasj.2013.4.1.1109

Kurniawan YR, Hidayat DD, Luthfiyanti R, Andriansyah RCE, Indriati A (2020) “A comparative study on engineering properties of three varieties of shallots” IOP Conf Ser: Earth Environ Sci (vol. 462, pp. 1–7) https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/462/1/012025

Ikrang EG, Okoko JU (2014) “Physical Properties of Some Tropical Fruits Necessary for Handling” Food Science and Quality Management (vol. 23, pp. 39–45)

Bosekeng G, Coetzer G (2013) “Response of Onion (Allium cepa L.) to sowing dates” African journal of agricultural research (vol. 8, no. 22, pp. 2757–2764) https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.7035

Gagopale B, Coetzer G (2015) “Response of onion (Allium cepa L.) to sowing date and plant population in the Central Free State, South Africa” African Journal of Agricultural Research (vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 179–187) https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.8071

Most read articles by the same author(s)